Chronological Record of
Engagements of the Revolution
BATTLE OF THE COWPENS, S. C.
January 17, 1781.
DANIEL MORGAN, General in command.
Centre formed by Maryland light infantry, under Lieutenant-Colonel Howard, with two companies of Virginia riflemen on each wing. Advance formed by volunteers from North and South Carolina and Georgia, under General Pickens. Sixty sharpshooters from North Carolina
volunteers as skirmishers in front of right flank, and 60 from Georgia in front of left. Cavalry under Lieutenant-Colonel William Washington routed Tarleton's Dragoons. Total,
80 cavalry, 237 Continental infantry, 553 militia.
BATTLE OF GUILFORD COURT HOUSE, N. C.
March 15, 1781.
NATHANAEL GREENE, General in command.
First line formed by two brigades of North Carolina militia under Colonels Butler and Eaton, about
1100 men, with Lieutenant-Colonel William Washington's corps and two six-pounders on their right, and on the left Major Harry
Lee's corps and riflemen. Second line formed by Virginia militia, a brigade from the southwestern part of the State under Colonel William Campbell and another under General Lawson. Third line commanded by Greene in person, First Maryland regiment, Colonel Gunby, and
Continentals. Reserve, two Virginia regiments of Continentals. Total, 1651 regular troops, and more than
BATTLE OF JAMESTOWN FORD, VA.
July 6, 1781.
"Mad Anthony" Wayne detached by General Lafayette, with about 800 men, to make the attack. His advance guard consisted of the rifle corps of Majors Call and Willis and a patrol of dragoons, followed by Armand's and Mercer's troops, led by Major McPherson. The Continental Infantry, chiefly Pennsylvania troops, under Wayne, supported the whole. Lafayette, with
900 Continentals and some militia, in readiness to support Wayne. Main body of militia, under the Baron de Steuben, remained as a reserve at Green Spring.
BATTLE OF EUTAW SPRINGS, S. C.
September 8, 1781.
Front or first line, composed of four small battalions of militia, two of North and two of South Carolina.
Marion, with South Carolinians, commanded front line. North Carolina regiments, under the Marquis de Malmedy, in the centre; General Picken's South Carolina battalion on the
left. The second line, under General Sumter, composed of the Continental troops of North Carolina, under Lieutenant-Colonel Ashe and Majors Armstrong and Blount, posted on the right.
Centre composed of two battalions of Virginians, under Major Snead and Captain Edmonds, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell.
The left, composed of Marylanders, consisting of two battalions, under Lieutenant-Colonel Howard and Major Hardman, commanded by Colonel Otho H. Williams.
Right flank covered by Lieutenant-Colonel Lee. Left flank, by Lieutenant-Colonel Henderson, with State troops under Lieutenant-Colonels William Polk, Wade Hampton and Colonel Middleton.
Reserve formed of Colonel William Washington's horse and Delaware troops under Captain Kirkwood. Artillery:
Two 3-pounders under Captain-Lieutenant Gaines with front line, and two 6-pounders under Captain Brown with second line. Advance led by Lee's legion and State troops.
Greene's forces numbering 2300 men, of which 1600 were Continentals.
STORMING OF THE REDOUBTS.
October 14, 1781.
American attack led by Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Hamilton, in two columns, the right
composed of Hamilton's battalion led by Major Fish, and of another led by Lieutenant-Colonel Gimat; the left of a detachment under Lieutenant-Colonel Laurens. Vanguard led by Lieutenant Mansfield; first platoon of Gimat's battalion by Captain Olney. French attack composed of
400 grenadiers and yagers of regiments of Gatinois and of Deux Ponts, and reserve, commanded by Count William de Deux Pouts and Baron de
(Surrender of Cornwallis).
October 19, 1781.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, Commander-in-Chief.
Muhlenburg and Hazen's brigades and the French forces commanded by Lafayette. Wayne's and the Maryland brigades, division of the centre, commanded by Baron de Steuben.
Dayton's and Clinton's brigades on the left; the senior Continental officer to command the right wing and Count Rochambeau, the left. Stevens' and Lawson's brigades of militia to form
the second line; the park of artillery, the corps of sappers and miners, and the Virginia State regiments posted between the two lines. General Knox in command of the artillery. General Lincoln, division commander.
Source: "The Army and Navy of
the United States 1776-1891", George Barrie Publisher, Philadelphia,
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